Us And Taliban Sign Agreement

Initially, Afghan President Ghani announced that he would not release Taliban prisoners, but by March 15, 2020, a few days after the start of peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, he announced the release of 1,500 Taliban prisoners. He also insisted that any freed Taliban detainee was required to sign an agreement in which he pledged not to return to the fighting. The Taliban have not yet accepted this compromise and, as a result, the necessary talks on the next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government have not yet begun. Trump has repeatedly promised to pull the United States out of wars in the Middle East, and the withdrawal of troops could strengthen his re-election in a nation that has engaged in distant conflicts. Last September, he interrupted a short-term signing ceremony with the Taliban at Camp David, following a series of new Taliban attacks. But since then, he has supported the talks. However, there are a number of hooks that can prevent the full implementation of the agreement. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not involved in the negotiations. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has not supported many parts of the agreement and has opposed the need for the next steps to move the peace process forward. This includes the release of Taliban prisoners, which he has not done so far, although he has proposed a more modest release. In particular, the agreement between the United States and the Taliban contains no obligation on the agenda or the outcome of internal negotiations in Afghanistan, which go beyond the treatment of prisoner release and the debate on a comprehensive ceasefire. The agreement stipulates that a withdrawal of US troops, guarantees for the Taliban`s counter-terrorism, a ceasefire and intra-Afghan negotiations are “linked and executed in accordance with their agreed timetable and conditions”; but there is no timetable or conditions.

But what happens next remains a problem. Although on March 18, 2020, the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan was temporarily suspended due to the coronavirus outbreak, U.S. forces have already begun to leave the country. Some in the United States question the terms of the agreement and even call it a surrender document. Faced with the weakness of the Kabul government and the U.S. branch that has supported your troops, some would say that they support the Kabul government, others fear that the Taliban will wait for American troops to leave and invade Kabul, as they did in 1995. If that happens, the 20 years of war and the loss of nearly 2,500 American lives will have nothing to do. The agreement signed in Doha, the capital of Qatar, could lead U.S.

troops to leave Afghanistan within 14 months. Finally, the agreement stipulates that the United States will begin diplomatic talks with the United Nations to remove Taliban members from the “sanctions list.” Another problem is that the recent Afghan presidential elections were contested and led to a divided and dysfunctional government in Kabul. As two opponents declare themselves the winners, no one is responsible in Kabul anymore. Since the next step in the peace agreement is to hold talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government, a divided and broken government in Kabul complicates this next step. The two rivals, India and Pakistan, are in conflict over the Afghan peace process. After an attack in May 2020 at a Kabul hospital, which the Afghan state accused the Taliban, while the United States accused the regional branch of IS, Pakistan accused India of derailing the trial. The agreement between the United States and the Taliban, signed in February 2020, was seen in India as a “victory for the Taliban and Pakistan.” The Afghan government rejected Pakistan`s claims, citing India as a partner. [143] India was an important military and development aid partner for Afghanistan.

[144] Doha, Qatar – U.S. officials and Taliban officials reached agreement after months of negotiations in Qatar`s capital