When Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States of America through the Treaty of Paris of 1898, the maritime boundaries of the Philippines were drawn in a rectangular line that gave rise to ambiguous maritime boundaries of neighbouring territories, including Indonesia, then colonized in Dutch.  Territorial conflict arose in 1906, when Leonard Wood, then the American governor of Moro province, went to Miangas Island after discovering that the island had been enshrined in the Treaty of Paris of 1898.  He learned that the island had been claimed by the Dutch East Indies after seeing a Dutch flag.  The Border Patrols and Communications Subcommittee examined the need to examine the need to include civilian police services at sea in the conduct of coordinated patrols, to update the means of communication used in maritime patrols, and to include other cross-border and organized offences (such as drug trafficking and smuggler-related crime) on the border crime list. In June 1994, negotiations to resolve the border dispute between the two countries began at the first meeting of senior officials on the delimitation of the maritime border in Manado, Indonesia.  Subsequently, negotiations were inactive until 2003.  In December 2003, Arif Havas Oegroseno was set up by the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs with the resumption of negotiations with the Philippines.  He continued talks until 2010, when his successor took office to negotiate the maritime border dispute.  The round of negotiations from 1994 to 2014 was conducted by the Joint Permanent Working Group on Maritime and Ocean Issues (JPWG-MOC) with the support of the three subgroups and the joint technical team.  The commander of Eastern Mindanao Command (Eastmincom), Lieutenant-General Benjamin Madrigal, who chairs the Philippine Border Committee, and Rear Admiral Didik Setiyono S.E. commander of Indonesia`s Eastern Fleet Command, confirm the existing mutual understanding of border relations and bilateral cooperation between two countries.
The contracting parties agree to establish a border control system whereby the nationals of each contracting party established in the designated border area can freely access the corresponding border area of the other, only for commercial purposes and/or for the visit of relatives and/or for worship and/or pleasure, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and as long as they hold good faith border crossing cards issued by each contracting party in accordance with the provisions of this agreement. The 34th Conference of the Border Committee of the Republic of the Philippines and the Republic of Indonesia was convened from 4 to 6 November 2015 at the Waterfront Hotel in Davao City. The conference is held annually to discuss areas of common interest on border issues.