For those accused of crimes in Michigan and elsewhere, the trial can be frightening and uncertain. It can be reassuring to have as many opportunities as possible to reduce or avoid prosecution. Some may not have heard of a legal route, known as open prosecutions. This option can give a second chance and hope for the future to those facing criminal prosecution. Delayed prosecutions can be particularly beneficial for younger defendants. For example, a minor minor arrested for drink-driving could accept the following conditions: Generally, these conditions include payments (fine, compensation, fees), ongoing co-operation tasks and the satisfactory conclusion of a company reform program – perhaps with a monitor. If the company concerned fulfils these conditions within the agreed time frame, the public prosecutor will terminate the criminal proceedings and the company will avoid the risk of conviction. However, if it does not meet these conditions, the prosecutor will reactivate the procedure and continue to monitor the company. A Deferred Repression Agreement (DPA) is a mechanism for resolving proceedings against a company that is essentially an unofficial form of parole. Although generally used to solve criminal proceedings, civil enforcement authorities such as the SEC have begun to use it. Discussions on the possible implementation of a prosecution agreement in Canada began in February 2016.
Prior to the CCA, Canada already had a “prosecutorial discretion” that “allowed insulting companies to negotiate a non-criminal penalty for a misdemeanor.”  In June 2018, Canada adopted a CCA through provisions of the C-74 omnibus budget implementation act, which amended the penal code.   According to the Law Times, the data protection authority is changing the way Canadian courts prosecute economic crime, which involves a redress system in which offenders can escape conviction if they “cooperate with the Crown and the courts.”  The Times quoted Ottawa-based lawyer Patrick McCann, who stated that the DPA would “align Canada with many other countries that have deferred policing agreements, including the United States and the United Kingdom.